This paper aims to measure the residual stresses of plasma sprayed oxide ceramic deposits using the X-ray diffraction method and measure the Young’s Modulus in specially designed four-point bend test device. Aluminum oxide and chromium oxide coatings are made with a water stabilized plasma spray gun. The paper analyzes the microstructure and the phase composition. The X-ray diffraction method is used to determine residual stresses on the layer surfaces. The same method is used for the local measurement of surface tensions in a four-point bending device built into an X-ray diffractometer. This device also enables the force applied and the specimen deflection to be measured. Effective modules of elasticity are determined from the gradient from load to deflection during bending. The results of the tension measurements and the values calculated from the applied force are compared. Paper includes a German-language abstract.