Due to high kinetic energy of an impinging droplet a strong elastic deformation of the substrate and the formation of its curvature occur which influence the dynamics of the droplet flattening (particularly the thickness and the diameter of a splat) and a pressure formed upon the droplet impact. This paper involves investigation of these phenomena and the development of the simple analytical formulae needed by the engineering practice which enables to estimate the influence of the substrate deformation on the droplet flattening and the high pressure generation. The analytical results are obtained with regard to the variation of the splash properties and the pressure that arises when the droplet is flattened during thermal spraying. The splash curvature caused by the drop impact is taken into account. The paper also analyzes the role of surface effects. The results obtained show good agreement with the experimental observations. Paper includes a German-language abstract.

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