This paper is devoted to the investigation of the dynamics of the plasma jet, which is produced by a subsonic DC spray torch operated with an argon-helium mixture as the plasma gas. It focuses on studying the effect of some parameters which influence the arc attachment inside the anode nozzle. For this purpose, the paper uses different means of gas injection, that is straight flow injection and vortex flow injection, and anodes which have experienced different degree of wear. A heavily eroded anode is characterized by large voltage fluctuations at relatively low frequencies, while straight gas injection at high current levels led to a low average voltage with small fluctuations and to low burner performance. The results are interpreted by assuming changes in the thickness of the cold interface between the arc and the anode, and conclusions are drawn as to the voltage characteristics indicative of good torch operation. Paper includes a German-language abstract.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.