In this paper, different aluminum phosphate sealing treatment temperatures and substrate preheating temperatures are used to produce different coating properties. X -ray residual stress analyzer is used as a NDT inspection method to find out undesired coating defects. The wear properties of plasma-sprayed aluminum oxide and chromium oxide coatings are studied as a function of spray parameters and post-treatments. The residual stress states are associated with other coating properties such as dry wear resistance. Hardness and porosity as well as microstructure compared. The aim of this paper is to find connections between residual stresses and other coating properties. It was observed that there is good correlation between stress state, abrasion resistance and sealing treatment temperature when considering chromia coatings. Paper includes a German-language abstract.