This paper contributes to the broadening of knowledge about process combinations in connection with thermally sprayed coatings. It describes the influence of a later annealing, nitriding, and carburizing on different thermal sprayed coatings. The connection between the processes is determined and optimal process parameters is adjusted for both processes. The paper analyzes the coating characteristics and the alterations of the substrate. The results of the metallographic and X-ray analysis as well as of the wear and corrosion tests are discussed. Prospects for possible further applications are given. Paper includes a German-language abstract.