Turbine blades in hydropower plants have to withstand the most severe seasonal loading conditions when the river water is heavily loaded with sediments. Welded blade surfaces are considered state of the art, but they cannot withstand the aggressive, eroding and abrasive loading conditions in the major rivers in China. Once a year there is flooding with a maximum amount of sediment in the river water. This is why coating systems with maximum wear resistance must be developed, examined, produced and tested over a maximum period of time. In this article, the wear results of various coating systems examined in a special test facility are described in order to obtain comparable results from several proposed coating systems together with material classification tests. Paper includes a German-language abstract.