In dc plasma spray guns, the properties of the plasma forming gas largely control the characteristics of the plasma jet and the momentum and heat of the particles injected into the flow. This paper examines the effect of Ar-He-H2 mixtures on the dynamic and static behavior of plasma jets expressed in terms of arc voltage and gas velocity. Correlations between these parameters and operating variables (arc current, gas flow rate, volume composition) were established from a dimensional analysis and supported by the calculation of the thermodynamic and transport properties of the gas mixtures used in the study.

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