Spinel powders of different compositions were fabricated for their good properties of chemical resistance. These powders were plasma sprayed on steels and their microstructure was investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), microanalysis, X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Due to the powder fabrication process, coatings were very heterogeneous in composition, but had the spinel structure. TEM observations pointed out that splat solidification occurred with a cooling rate gradient leading to different crystallization inside a lamella. Young's moduli by the coatings were measured by the resonant frequency method and the correlation with coating microstructure was discussed.