Different WC-based coatings have been sprayed by the HVOF process and characterised by different methods. The influence of different powder characteristics on the wear and corrosion performance was investigated. Powder characteristics investigated include: i) average WC particle size, ii) matrix composition and iii) powder grain size distribution. The results show that the coating properties are affected by the different powder characteristics. Small WC particles were found to be beneficial as regards the erosion and erosion-corrosion resistance. An increase of the Cr and Mo content increased the corrosion and erosion-corrosion resistance. Powders with narrow grain size distributions gave coatings of higher quality than powders with wider grain size distributions.