The tribological behavior of Mo/NiCrBSi coatings obtained by atmospheric plasma spray was studied under dry conditions using an Amsler machine. Discussion is made on the effects of the plasma gas mixture and of the preheating of the substrate. The wear process of Mo/NiCrBSi in situation of dry rolling-sliding contact versus cast iron was observed using a profilometer, an optical microscope, and a scanning electron microscope. It was found that the wear mechanism could be divided into two steps : the first one corresponds to an abrasive wear; it results from the difference in hardness between the counter-specimen and the Mo/NiCrBSi coating. The second one corresponds to an adhesive wear resulting from the transfer of cast iron from the counter-specimen to the coating.