Abstract

The isothermal oxidation of bond coats composed of vacuum plasma sprayed (VPS) MCrAlY (NiCoCrAlYTa and CoNiCrAlY) or palladium modified nickel aluminides (NiPd + APVS) was studied in several oxygen partial pressures (105, 1 and 10-5 Pa), with two heating rates (20 and 60K/min) at different temperatures (900, 1000 and 1100°C). For MCrAlY coatings, Arrhenius plots of the parabolic rate constants show a kinetic transition below 1000°C. This could be linked to a transition from Al2O3 to Cr2O3 scale growth. Lower oxygen partial pressures induce lower parabolic rate constants at 900°C. This leads to the assumption that scales grown at low oxygen partial pressures are still formed of alumina at 900°C. Nevertheless, these results could not be confirmed by chemical analysis (EDS, XPS). The two tested heating rates show no influence on the oxidation kinetics of both MCrAlY coatings. In the case of aluminide, for low oxygen partial pressures, the parabolic kinetics are reduced of one order of magnitude (for PO2 = 105 to 1 Pa) and correspond to a thinner scale of α-alumina. Also, the heating rate modifies the parabolic kinetics (i.e. after the transient stage) and the total weight gains for all oxidation temperatures, with higher parabolic rate constants after heating at slower rate.

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