Abstract

The elevated temperature erosion resistance of experimental amorphous thermal spray coatings was determined in a laboratory elevated temperature erosion tester. Test conditions attempted to simulate the erosion conditions found at the combustor waterwall tubes in fossil fuel fired boilers. Erosion tests were conducted on four experimental amorphous thermal spray coatings, using the bed ash retrieved from an operating coal fired boiler. An experimental arcspray process was used to spray coatings. These results were compared with erosion test results of two common structural materials, two commercially available arc-sprayed coatings, and a proprietary HVOF coating. Test results indicated that the Duocor coating had the highest erosion resistance among the four experimental coatings, it showed equal resistance to the HVOF coating (DS-200). Compared to AISI 1018 steel, both Duocor and DS-200 coatings reduced material wastage by 26-fold. Other test results indicated that the XJ-16, 60T and Armacor M coatings had equal erosion resistance reducing material wastage approximately 7-fold, while Arrnacor CW reduced by IO-fold. Only slightly better than the unprotected 1018 steel, the X-20 coating performed poorly on erosion tests. The high erosion resistance of Duocor and DS-200 coatings was attributed to their high densities and fine splat structures.

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