Dc plasma torches typically use a mixture of inert and molecular gases when spraying high melting powders. The addition of molecular gases increases the enthalpy of plasma jets, but it also produces arc root fluctuations that can cause variations in injected powders. This paper describes an innovative plasma torch system characterized by a long nozzle and three parallel cathodes. The nozzle consists of several electrically insulated rings and a ring-shaped anode. By adding more rings, the arc gap and voltage can be increased along with the enthalpy of the plasma jet. The results of various tests, comparing the spray rates and deposition efficiencies of new and conventional torches, are presented in the paper.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.