Fiber-reinforced polymer composites are an important class of structural materials, offering high strength-to-weight ratios and high rigidities. For many applications, however, their wear resistance is less than desirable. Wear-resistant thermal spray coatings have the potential to improve the surface properties of fiber-reinforced polymer composites, although some require the application of a bond coat to achieve sufficient adhesion. The present study was conducted to find acceptable bond coat materials and compare their performance. Materials such as polyamides, polyimides, polyether-ether-ketone, or simply aluminum or nickel were found to be suitable bond coats for many composite substrates.