X ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy studies and measurements of hardness and void content were carried out for WC-20% Co coatings produced by detonation flame spraying at various oxygen/acetylene ratios in the detonating gas mixture. It was demonstrated that successive transition from (WC+Co) to (W2C+Co3W3C) to (W+CO7W6) occurs as the oxygen content in the mixture is increased, and that amorphous-nanocrystalline structures form in the coating. Two types of these hybrid structures were revealed, one including an amorphous metallic matrix containing precipitates of intermetallic nanocrystals, the other having an amorphous oxide matrix and nanocrystalline precipitates of CO3O4 and WO3. The hybrid structures were shown to improve coating density and hardness.

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