Thermal-sprayed titanium coatings were investigated as anodes for impressed current cathodic protection systems for steel reinforced concrete structures. The coatings were applied by twin-wire thermal-spraying using air and nitrogen as atomizing gases. The coatings were non-homogeneous due to oxidation and nitridation of the molten titanium with the atmospheric gases oxygen and nitrogen. The primary coating constituents were α-Ti (containing interstitial nitrogen and oxygen), γ-TiO and TiN. Nitrogen atomization produced coatings with less cracking, more uniform chemistry, and lower resistivity than air atomization.

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