In this investigation reactive plasma spraying was used to produce wear resistant coatings of Ti-carbides/titanium or Ti-nitrides/titanium composites. Ti-powders with different powder size distributions were used as raw materials. Methane and nitrogen were used as reactive gases to form carbides and nitrides. A reactor was adapted to the plasma gun F4 of a Sulzer Metco vacuum plasma spraying equipment to increase the degree of the expected reactions. Phase analysis and micrography of the coatings reveal that the Ti-hardphases were synthesized during spraying and embedded in the titanium matrix. The in situ synthesized hardphases show different forms and sizes. Most of them are non-stoichiometry. Compared to the titanium coating the coatings produced by reactive plasma spraying are much harder and more resistant against both sliding and abrasive wear.