The gas tunnel type plasma spraying enables to produce high quality ceramic coatings. Moreover a high hardness coating was obtained at a short spraying distance in the case of alumina coating. A high hardness zirconia (ZrO2) coating could also be obtained at an atmospheric pressure by using the gas tunnel type plasma spraying. The Vickers hardness of the ZrO2 coating at a short spraying distance was very high: a high hardness of more than Hv = 1200 was achieved at the surface side of the coating. In this study, the characteristics of these high hardness zirconia coatings produced the gas tunnel type plasma spraying were investigated by the measurement of the Vickers hardness of the coating. The microstructure of the obtained high hardness zirconia coatings were also investigated by the microscopic method and by the X-ray diffraction method.