Most of ductile metals can be deposited by cold spray (CS). For brittle ceramic, such solid-state deposition process is still questionable, but some recent work on Ti02 or hydroxyapatite powders have shown that micrometric ceramic powder could be deposited by CS. In this work, it is claimed that the nature and the porous architecture of a ceramic powder with agglomerated ultra-fine grains play an important role on the impact behaviour. The aim of this work is to investigate the deformation behaviour of ceramic agglomerated powders under high velocity impact. Two different powders, respectively 3YSZ and Y2O3, were selected in order to study their architectures (particle size, porosity, density, crystallite size, etc.). Cold spray “splats” experiments, with various spraying distances to vary the particles velocities upon impact, were carried out to observe the deformation and fragmentation. In case of Y2O3, cold spray with dynamic vacuum surrounding atmosphere up to 3kPa were also prepared to evaluate the role of the atmosphere on the resulting impact. In parallel, in situ SEM micro-compression tests at 10−2 s−1 on cross-sectioned 3YSZ particles involving flat-punch nano-indentation and micropillar compression were performed. By modelling the compression tests, the aim is to identify a Drücker-Prager behaviour law suitable for an agglomerated ceramic powder under quasi-static compression. Such deformation behaviour could help to better understand the compaction behaviour of agglomerated powders.