High entropy alloys (HEAs) are classified as a new class of advanced metallic materials that have received significant attention in recent years due to their stable microstructures and promising properties. In this study, three mechanically alloyed equiatomic HEA coatings – AlCoCrFeMo, AlCoCrFeMoW, and AlCoCrFeMoV – were fabricated on stainless steel substrates using flame spray manufacturing technique. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Vicker’s microhardness were utilized to characterize the fabricated HEA coatings. Furthermore, Joule heating experiments using a modified version of a two-probe test was used to measure the electrical resistivity of the HEA coatings. To prevent short-circuiting of the metallic coatings, a thin layer of alumina was deposited as a dielectric material prior to the deposition of HEA coatings. The microstructure of the HEA coatings showed the presence of multiple oxide regions along with solid-solution phases. The porosity levels were approximately 2 to 3% for all the HEA coatings. The HEA coatings had a thickness of approximately 130 to 140 μm, whereas the alumina layer was 120 to 160 μm thick. The electrical resistivity values were higher for all the HEA coatings compared to flame-sprayed Ni-20Cr and NiCrAlY coatings and AlCoCrFeNi HEA thin film, which may be attributed to the characteristics of HEAs, such as severe lattice distortion and solute segregations. The combined interaction of high hardness and increased electrical resistivity suggests that the flame-sprayed HEA coatings can be used as multifunctional wear-resistant materials for energy generation applications.

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