Silicon coatings have been developed for environmental barrier coatings by thermal spraying. Until now, these coatings have been produced almost exclusively by Atmospheric Plasma Spraying (APS). High Velocity Oxy-Fuel (HVOF) spraying is commonly used to produce dense metallic and carbide-based coatings due to high particle velocities. However, there have been no scientific reports on HVOF-sprayed silicon coatings in the literature. This study was conducted to investigate the feasibility of fabricating silicon coatings by HVOF using a DJ2600 spray system. Both the spray powders and the parameters were varied. The coatings were investigated on their surfaces and cross-sections using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD). The hardness and indentation modulus of the silicon coatings were also determined. The results show that the particle size distribution and the stand-off distance are important influencing factors. Dense coatings could be produced by HVOF spraying, confirming the feasibility.

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