Whenever large amounts of liquids or gases have to be transported over long distances, steel pipelines are used. They supply industry with raw materials, guarantee drinking water supplies to large cities, and convey energy sources around the globe. Despite the most stringent safety regulations, pipelines regularly suffer damage and leaks. Severe environmental pollution occurs when oil or gas pipelines, in particular, are damaged. In the case of both onshore and offshore pipelines, decontaminating the affected areas involves a great deal of time, effort, and cost. Moreover, in most cases the contamination cannot be eliminated completely. There are various reasons for damaged pipelines. Corrosion poses one of the greatest challenges here, and this can be influenced by the pipeline owners. There is a need for safe and reliable corrosion protection, and this is set to grow over the coming years. Based on current market data, between 13 and 18 million tons of line pipe were delivered in the years 2015 to 2020. This corresponds to a pipeline length of approx. 86,000 km per year. The objective of this paper is to illustrate why the corrosion protection currently used fails to work in some cases. It also aims to show how thermal coating can improve corrosion protection and what requirements its technical implementation must fulfil. To this end, line pipe is presented in the next chapter. Common standards and manufacturing processes are introduced. The third chapter outlines current corrosion protection measures. Moreover, weak points are analyzed by looking at damage that has already occurred. The requirements for thermal coating are determined based on this.