Abstract

This study investigates the effect of composition on the antibacterial and antiviral properties of hydroxyapatite/titania composite coatings deposited by suspension plasma spraying. Hydroxyapatite is a bioceramic material used as a plasma-sprayed coating to promote osseointegration of femoral stems. TiO2 has promising photocatalytic activity and good efficiency in destroying bacteria, viral species, and parasites. Prior to coating, substrates were grit blasted, ultrasonically cleaned, and heated to enhance adhesion strength. The microstructure of the resulting coatings was then characterized using XRD and Raman spectroscopy. Test results indicated that SPS transformed Ti2O3 into TiO2 with mixed phases. Ti4O7 and Ti3O5 phases were also identified, which show photocatalytic activity due to oxygen vacancies. Antibacterial and antiviral tests were conducted as well.

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