In this study, a new physically-based finite element approach is proposed to model and predict the superficial oxide layer removal and the occurrence of localized metallic bonding during particle impacts. The process physics, based on explosive welding theory and experiments, and method implementation is presented. Prediction of critical velocity of copper is obtained and compared to experimental data to validate the model. Moreover, the model is also able to show the bonding locations at the interface between particles and substrate. The predicted bonding locations are consistent with experimental data from literature for several metals.

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