This study focuses on the relationship between porosity and leak tightness in cold-sprayed aluminum. Aluminum coatings with 0.2-9% porosity were produced by cold spraying and evaluated via helium leak testing. Multiscale porosity was determined through SEM and TEM analyses and shows good correlation with leak test results. The mechanisms involved in the creation of porosity were investigated as well through finite element analysis of single and multi-particle impacts.

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