In this work, a fine copper layer was deposited on an aluminum nitride substrate via cold spraying. Parametric modeling was used to develop a parameter selection map that helped guide preliminary experiments to validate the model for different substrate surfaces, nozzle geometries, gas dynamics, standoff distances, and deposition angles. Further modifications were then made to include failure prediction based on particle impact, leading to the deposition of well-adhered cold-sprayed copper on a ceramic surface.

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