Sand blasting and high-velocity thermal spray processes can produce residual stresses in superalloy substrates that can significantly influence microstructure development. To investigate this effect, single-crystal superalloy substrates were sand blasted using different levels of force (zero, light, and heavy) and then coated with a MCrAlY layer by HVOF spraying. Cross-sectional analysis of an as-sprayed sample revealed a subsurface depletion zone with a composition rich in Mo nano precipitates. Cross-sectional examinations after vacuum heat treating and at various points during oxidation testing showed that elemental interdiffusion occurred between the coating and substrate and that sand blasting intensity has a major influence on the depth of the interdiffusion zones.

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