Lowering the impurity content in the thermal barrier coating has the effect of improving the high temperature stability and service life. SiO2, Al2O3, TiO2 and Fe2O3 are several common low melting point oxide impurities in the YSZ (Yttria- Stabilized Zirconia) top coatings, and they all have some influence on the performance of the coatings. But there is no quantitative research on the relationship between impurity content and the properties of the coatings. In this paper, YSZ spraying materials with SiO2, Al2O3 and Fe2O3 with the content changing from less than 0.01wt% to 1wt% were designed. The bond coatings were all NiCoCrAlY and were prepared by HVOF (High-Velocity Oxygen-Fuel). The top coatings were prepared by APS (Atmospheric Plasma Spraying). The microstructure, phase structure and thermal shock resistance of the above coatings were investigated. The results showed that the increase of oxide impurity content was more prone to thermal shock failure. It shows that the oxide impurity has a significant influence on the properties of YSZ coating.