In the present work, a metal-polymer composite coating containing Al and ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer (EVA) was prepared on the surface of a polymer matrix composite (PMC) using a detonation spraying process. The microstructure and bond strength of the as-prepared coatings were analyzed. The bonding mechanism of the coatings, especially the deposition behavior of the Al and EVA particles on the PMC surface is discussed. Results had shown that detonation spraying technique enables the deposition of metal-polymer coatings directly onto the PMC surface under precise process control. The preparation of metal-polymer composite coating on PMC via detonation spraying process presents promising application as an interlayer for the surface metallization of PMC.