Cold spray is continuously expanding for the repair of parts made of aluminum-based alloys. Beyond repair applications, the process is now expected to be exploited efficiently for the additive manufacturing of shaped parts. However, up to now, cold spray is limited to the achievement of rather simple shapes due to a lack of basic knowledge on coating build-up mechanisms to result in dimension-controlled deposition. The objective of this work is to fill that gap through an experimental and modeling study of the coating build-up in cold spray for this specific application. Experimentally, Al-based coatings were deposited for a large range of particle velocity due to the use of low-pressure, medium-pressure and high-pressure cold spray facilities. Particle velocity was monitored as a function of cold spray conditions. Two different types of Al 2024 (Aluminium 2024 Alloy) powders were tested. Coating porosity and microhardness were studied as a function of (both morphological and metallurgical) powder characteristics and spray conditions, primarily in the light of particle velocity. Various correlations could be exhibited. Finite element (FE) simulations of particle impacts were developed, including particle velocity from experimental measurements. These will be used as inputs in an in-house morphological model, the first stages of which could be established successfully.

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