Boiler tube failure is the number one source of forced outages in all coal-fired and biomass-fired power generation plants. It is estimated that plants lose approximately 6% of their power generation annually, due to boiler tube leaks. The major causes for premature tube failure are excessive fireside boiler tube erosion and corrosion caused by impact, abrasive wear, oxidation and molten corrosion of low eutectic alloys.

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