In the course of this investigation, thermal spraying with different fuel and shroud gas combinations was investigated in terms of its effect on the in-flight particle properties (temperature, velocity) and on the final coating properties (coating thickness, porosity, oxygen content and corrosion behaviour). Independent on the shroud gas, the particle in-flight temperature and velocity were highest when using ethylene as fuel gas and lowest when using propane. Methylene resulted in intermediate properties. The change in the shroud gas from air to nitrogen generally resulted in lower in-flight particle temperatures and also lower velocity. The coating properties in terms of porosity and oxygen content directly correlated to the particle in-flight properties. With decreasing velocity and increasing temperature, the porosity and the oxygen content increased, respectively. The corrosion behaviour of the nickel coatings was studied in 0.5 M sulfuric acid media by means of potentiodynamic polarization curves. Good corrosion properties were observed when methylene and air served as fuel gas and shroud gas, respectively.

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