The high wear resistance of Cr3C2-NiCr coatings is reliant on the formation of a dense coating containing a high percentage of carbide grains, with minimal carbide degradation. Such coating characteristics are typically achieved through the use of high velocity oxygen fuel (HVOF) spraying. The propane fuelled, manually operated HIPOJET 2700 HVOF system is one of a suite of smaller sized commercial HVOF systems recommended for smaller job shops. However, few works have characterised the properties of carbide composite coatings produced with this system. In this work a full factorial design of experiment analysis was used to assess the effect of key operating parameters on the quality of Cr3C2-NiCr coatings. The combustion parameters (fuel and oxygen flows) were fixed at the manufacturers recommended settings in order to focus on the effect of nozzle length, powder feed rate and, spray distance. The effect of these variables on the porosity/oxide content, carbide content, microhardness, coating thickness, and relative deposit efficiency is discussed.

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