Different types of tungsten carbide materials (fused tungsten carbide, nickel clad fused tungsten carbide, macrocrystalline WC and sintered and crushed WC/Co) are used for laser dispersing of construction steel surfaces. Surface roughness analyses and metallographic evaluation of cross sections concerning efficiency of carbide embedding as well as crack formation tendency are carried out. Generally, all types of tested carbides permit production of rough surfaces with metallurgical bonding to the metallic matrix, but only use of nickel clad fused tungsten carbide permits to prevent crack formation. The effectiveness of silicon and silicon carbide for production of durable rough surfaces on aluminium alloys is investigated. Both silicon and silicon carbide qualify for production of rough surfaces by laser dispersing. While silicon carbide particles show higher hardness, use of silicon does not include danger of embrittlement due to formation of aluminium carbide.