Environmental barrier coatings (EBC) are currently being investigated to protect ceramic matrix composite (CMC) turbine engine components in water-vapor rich combustion environments. Dense, crack-free, uniform and well-adhered coatings are demanded for this purpose. This paper represents an assessment of different thermal spray techniques for deposition of Yb2Si2O7 and silicon (Si) EBC layers. Plasma spraying of refractory silicates is known to be complicated by undesired glass transition due to rapid solidification as well as evaporation of Si-bearing species during spraying. Plasma spraying of low-density Si also requires careful optimizations as it tends to oxidize during spraying, particularly at atmospheric conditions. Bearing these problems in mind, the Yb2Si2O7 coatings were deposited by atmospheric plasma spraying (APS), high-velocity oxygen-fuel spraying (HVOF), and plasma-spray physical vapor deposition (PS-PVD) techniques. As-sprayed microstructure, amorphous content and phase composition of the coatings were analyzed. Based on the findings, the advantages and disadvantages of each method over other techniques are discussed with respect to process parameters and material properties.