LSCF(La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3) with a perovskite structure has been widely studied as cathode materials for intermediate solid oxide fuel cell(SOFC). It has well-known excellent electrode performance due to its high ionic and electronic conductivity. However, application of LSCF cathode is likely to be limited by the surface catalytic properties and long term stability. Sr and Co may segregate from LSCF under cathode polarization, leading to increased resistance of the cathode. Oxygen hyper-stoichiometric La2NiO4+δ with a K2NiF4 structure possesses a higher catalytic properties, ionic conductivity and stability compared to LSCF cathode. However, the electrical conductivity of the La2NiO4+δ (76 S cm–1 at 800 °C ) in the IT range are lower than 100 S/cm, which is regarded as the minimum requirement in electrical conductivity for an SOFC cathode. Taking account of both the advantages and disadvantages of the two different cathode materials, and good chemical compatibility of those two cathode materials, it is possible to prepare a composite cathode by infiltrating a thin film of La2NiO4+ä on the porous LSCF to enhance the LSCF cathode performance. Therefore, in this study, the LSCF cathode was deposited by atmospheric plasma spray. The porous LSCF cathode was infiltrated by La2NiO4+δ. The microstructure was characterized by SEM and TEM. The effect of infiltration on the polarization of LSCF cathode was investigated.

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