A390 alloy is a hypereutectic aluminum alloy with attractive mechanical properties at high temperature, good wear resistance and appropriate thermal properties making it challenging candidate material for automotive and aerospace applications. Currently, this alloy is widely used in automotive industry engine components production. In case of engine blocks, fatigue strength and wear resistance are the main cause of failure. Generally, the surface properties of aluminum alloys, in particular as hardness and wear resistance concerns, are insufficient to fulfill some requirements. Nowadays, there is an increasing interest toward the study and the development of innovative protective coatings suitable to enhance the wear resistance of such alloys. The goal of this paper is to develop appropriate protective coatings for A390 aluminum alloy enhancing its wear resistance. The study has been carried out to characterize the morphological, mechanical and wear resistance properties.