Atmospheric plasma sprayed (APS) thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) with lamellar structure exhibit low thermal conductivity and low stiffness. However, high temperature exposure for certain long duration causes the sintering which heals two-dimensional (2D) inter-lamellar pores and intrasplat pores. Such sintering effect increases the stiffness and thermal conductivity of the coatings and consequently reduces the stability and durability of TBCs. It can be expected that large 2D pores with a wide opening is difficult to be eliminated. In this study, inter-lamellar 2D pores with large opening width were fabricated in the La2Zr2O7 (LZO) coatings through spraying LZO+SrO coatings and removing the SrO splats in the water. Then, the conventional LZO coating and the porous LZO coating were subjected to high temperature exposure in the air at 1300 °C for different durations. The microstructure evolution especially in terms of the shape and density of inter-lamellar 2D pores was examined. In addition, the change of thermo-physic properties and the mechanical properties of the coatings with increasing exposure duration were studied. Results show that the 2D pores in LZO coating created by those SrO splats inherit primarily large opening width from 200nm to about 1 µm which endows the LZO coating with high sustainability at high temperature environment. Under thermal exposure at 1300oC, it was found that 2D pores resulting from SrO splats are free from healing while conventional 2D inter-lamellar pores with small opening width formed during splat cooling became healed rapidly. Thus, thermal conductivity and Young's modulus of the conventional LZO coating increased rapidly, while unhealed 2D pores in the highly porous LZO coatings contributed to the low Young's modulus and low thermal conductivity of LZO coating with remarkably high stability. With addition of 30% SrO in spray powder, a LZO coating with a thermal conductivity of about 0.39 W.m-1.K-1 in the as-prepared state was obtained. The coating maintained a thermal conductivity of 0.57 W.m-1.K-1 even after 100 hours exposure at 1300°C. The present results indicated that high sintering-resistant thermal barrier coating can be fabricated though designing inter-lamellar 2D pores with large opening width in the coating by the present novel approach.

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