A low-cost, low-pressure (less than 1 MPa) cold spray unit was used to deposit tungsten carbide (WC)-based metal matrix composite (MMC) coatings on low carbon steel substrates. The coatings were then friction-stir processed (FSP) by using a flat cylindrical tool. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), image analysis, micro-hardness testing, and ASTM Standard G65 dry abrasion wear testing were conducted to study the influence of FSP on the coating properties and its wear rate. It was found that porosity increased following FSP on the coating due to insufficient flow of the metal matrix material (nickel). The hardness of the WC-based MMC coating decreased after FSP as a result of increase in porosity and possible decarburization of the WC caused by the heat of the FSP. The SEM images taken from the cross sections of the FSPed coatings confirmed the effectiveness of FSP in distributing the WC particles within the matrix to produce a coating with uniform distribution of WC particles in the matrix. As a result, the abrasion wear resistance of the coatings after FSP increased compared to that of the as-sprayed coatings. This suggested that FSP can be considered as a method to improve the wear properties of MMC coatings.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.