In this study, twin wire arc spraying is used to bond wire mesh to the outside surfaces of stainless steel pipes in order to increase heat transfer surface area. At the optimum spray distance, the oxide content, porosity, and adhesion strength of the coatings are shown to be 6.6%, 2.1%, and 24 MPa, respectively. Pipes with different wire mesh configurations were placed in an oven and heated to temperatures from 300 °C to 900 °C. Water temperatures were measured at the inlet and outlet of the pipe for flow rates between 0.2 and 0.5 gpm. A maximum water temperature rise of 13 °C was achieved, corresponding to a total heat flux of 57 kW/m2. Heat transfer efficiency is shown to depend strongly on the quality of the bonds between the wire mesh and pipe and the spacing of wires in the mesh.

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