In rocket engine combustion chambers the cooling channels are subjected to extremely high temperatures and environmental attack. Because of the good heat conduction the inner combustion liner is made of copper. Thermal and environmental protection can be provided by Thermal Barrier Coating Systems. The performance of an APS-sprayed standard coating system for nickel based substrates (NiCrAlY and YPSZ) on copper substrates is investigated. Because mechanical and thermal properties (e.g. the coefficients of thermal expansion) of the two substrates are different, known failure mechanisms for nickel based substrates can not be directly transferred to the new application. Thermal cycling and laser shock testing is performed to identify possible failure mechanisms. The laser shock setup consists of a high-power diode laser (3kW) and realizes surface temperatures of up to 1500°C. Furthermore, it is possible to realize high thermal gradients inside the specimen, similar to those in real service. Delamination of the thermal barrier coating at the interface between bond coat and substrate is observed. Usually, this interface is not failing in standard applications, which gives an important hint for further research. Furthermore, FEM analysis confirms that stresses are maximal at this interface.