Presently, highly stressed components in gas turbines are mainly made of single crystal nickel based alloys and the maximum application temperature (without coatings) is typically limited to 1100°C. Superalloys are now reaching limits posed by their melting temperatures. Increasing the substrate temperature beyond 1200°C will increase the efficiency of the turbine significantly. A new generation high temperature Co-Re alloys are aimed for use at +100°C above present single crystal nickel-superalloys. The substrates will be protected against the higher gas temperatures by thermal barrier coatings. For Co-Re alloy substrates CoReCrSi is a promising bond-coat material. CoReCrSi is thermo-chemically compatible to Co-Re due to the very similar mechanical and chemical properties. The oxide formation and the adhesion of the top coat are being investigated by studying a simplified coating system. The coating system consists of a CoReCrSi bond coat bulk material, and an yttria-stabilised zirconia top coat. The system was tested under cyclic conditions at 1200°C. This study provides a first insight into the TGO growth, the basic failure mechanism of the top coat, and the diffusion processes at the top coat/bond coat interface. It is shown that CoReCrSi with 2 at.% silicon promotes a good adhesion of the top coat by forming a dense chromium oxide layer. The critical TGO thickness beyond which the TGO fails by spallation was determined to be 25 microns and is roughly 2.5 times the critical thickness in MCrAlY based system in nickel-alloys.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.