This paper reports on the influence of the He to N2 ratio on the properties of low pressure cold sprayed titanium coatings and on the characteristics of the generated supersonic two-phase flow. Experiments were carried out varying the He to N2 concentration ranging from pure He to pure N2. Samples were characterized by their microstructural properties (i.e. microhardness and porosity). Deposition rate was evaluated and particle velocities were measured for all conditions. Deposition efficiency, coating density, and microhardness were found to be a function of particle impact velocity. Velocity data were used to validate a computational fluid dynamic model. The numerical solution of the flow inside the nozzle was obtained from the Euler equations for the various He to N2 concentrations. Particle tracking was carried out by using the computed distribution of density, Mach number, temperature, viscosity, and a second order Runge-Kutta scheme. In addition, mean particle velocities at the exit of the nozzle were determined. Computed velocities were found to be in good agreement with measured ones. The model was then used to calculate nozzle dimensions that would maximize particle velocity. Optimized dimensions are proposed.

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