The dry sliding wear behaviour of two HVOF-sprayed Fe-Cr-Ni-Si-B-C (Colferoloy) alloy coatings was studied by ball-on-disk tests performed at room temperature (against alumina and 100Cr6 steel balls), at 400 °C and at 700 °C (against alumina balls only). HVOF-sprayed Ni-Cr-Fe-B-Si-C and Cr3C2-NiCr layers were also tested for comparison. Under all test conditions, the wear rate of the Colferoloy coatings is lower than that of the Ni-Cr-Fe-B-Si-C coating but larger than that of the Cr3C2-NiCr cermet. Specifically, at room temperature, the Colferoloy coatings exhibit a combination of mild abrasion, delamination and tribo-oxidative wear against alumina, whereas, against steel, they undergo very limited delamination with negligible wear loss. By contrast, the Ni-Cr-Fe-B-Si-C coating suffers larger wear against steel and undergoes more severe abrasive grooving against alumina. Although the Colferoloy and Ni- Cr-Fe-B-Si-C coatings possess similar microstructure and micro-hardness, their scratch behaviours, which depend on cracking resistance and plastic deformability, differ, thus explaining the micromechanical reason for the different wear mechanisms. At 400°C and 700°C, all of the metal alloy coatings are softened and suffer more severe abrasive grooving; by contrast, the behaviour of the Cr3C2-NiCr layer at 700 °C is controlled by the formation and delamination of an oxidised layer.