Liquid injection plasma spraying is of growing interest for thermal spray applications like thermal barrier coatings and solid oxide fuel cells, since finely structured coatings offer improved properties over conventionally spray ones, for example lower thermal diffusivity and higher catalytic activity. One challenge is the optimization and understanding of the injection process. With a new high speed shadowgraphy setup, the injection and atomization of individual drops was observed and described in detail in this work which is, to our best knowledge, not reported before. A drop atomization cone model is derived from observations. A new modelling approach is developed which allows the prediction of the drop atomization cones by analytical calculations. The simulations are compared to measurements and deviations are explained by neglected effects which will be included in further developments of this model.

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