SOFCs for mobile applications require short starting times and capability of withstanding several and severe cycles. For such applications metallic cassette type cells with low weight and thermal capacity are beneficial where the active cell part is set in interconnects consisting of two sheets of ferritic steel. These cells are stacked serially to get higher voltage and power. This approach needs interconnect sheets that are electrically insulated from each other to prevent electrical short circuit. The technology discussed here is to use brazed metals, as sealants, and ceramic layers, as electrical insulators, which are vacuum plasma sprayed on the cassette rims. For reliable insulating layers, a variety of deposits were developed, starting from cermet-spinel multilayers with various compositions and constituents, where reactive metals (such as Ti, Zr) were part of the coatings, to pure ceramic layers. The qualities and characteristics of these coatings were investigated which included electric insulation at room temperature and at 800 °C (SOFC operating temperature), wettability of different brazes towards these deposits, phase stability and peeling strength. The single steps of development, characteristics of the insulating layers for SOFCs as well as some challenges that have to be taken into account in the process are described.

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