This study investigates the influence of powder morphology and spray processes on the microstructure, crystallinity, hardness, and elastic modulus of mullite coatings. Coatings produced from mullite powders and suspensions are deposited by plasma spraying while measuring in-flight particle temperature and velocity. Powder morphology and spraying conditions are correlated with measured coating properties, creating a process map for engineering mullite coatings for specific applications. It is shown that coating crystallinity, microstructure, and mechanical properties vary widely depending on powder morphology, processing, and in-flight particle characteristics.

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