This study compares the tribological performance of HVOF and HVSFS coatings applied to gray cast iron and aluminum cylinder liners. Five different materials, including Fe alloy, FeCrMo, CrC-NiCr, NiCrBSi, and WC-Co, were sprayed using a conventional HVOF torch operated by a six-axis robot while the liners were manipulated by means of a rotary table. A similar setup was used to spray TiO2-TiC coatings, but the gun was modified for nano-sized particles in a suspension fed axially into the combustion chamber. Coating microstructures were examined using optical and SEM imaging and friction and wear properties were determined through oscillating friction wear tests. The results obtained are compared to state-of-the-art cylinder liners.

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