The two-phase flow properties of copper particle laden nitrogen are measured and compared to computational fluid dynamic calculations, determining the achievable degree of consistency between model and reality. Two common, commercial nozzles are studied. A two-way coupled Lagrangian scheme along with the RSM turbulence model is used to track the particles and to model the interactions between the gas and the particulate phase. Significant agreement is found for the geometrical gas flow structure, the resulting particle velocities, and the dependence of the two-phase flow on the particulate phase mass loading. The particle velocities decrease with increasing mass loading, even for modest powder feed rates of less than 3 g/s. The velocity drop occurs even when the gas flow rate is kept constant. Adiabatic gas flow models neglecting the energy consumption by the particles are thus inaccurate, except for very dilute suspensions with low technical relevance. For the cases modeled, the experiments evidence the high predictive power of the chosen approach.

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