Abstract-Solution precursor plasma spray (SPPS) is a relatively new thermal spray process in which chemical precursors are injected into DC-arc plasma spray torch in place of powder. This process is able to make relatively porous (15-25% porosity) thermal barrier coatings with through-thickness cracks that enhance their thermal strain resistance. The SPPS process can also make dense titania and alumina zirconia coatings. The process can make thin and thick coatings, dense and porous coatings, structural and functional preforms, new compositions, and metastable materials. Metastable materials arise because the solution is molecularly mixed and the cooling rate in thermal spray is high. The process has the disadvantage of needing to provide energy to evaporate the solvent and of being a new process where less extensive empirical knowledge and modeling insights exist, compared to air plasma spray with powders. The microstructure process parameter relation is explored. Results from modeling studies concerning evaporation of droplets and related solute concentration gradients, modeling studies of aerodynamic break-up and experimental studies of non-aero-based droplet break-up and of the effects of solution concentration will be described. These studies will be related to experimental results for making dense coatings.

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